Statistical Journal of the IAOS

Volume 38 (2022) 4: Theme: IAOS 2022 Young Statisticians Prize winners, and a diversity of manuscripts. 

The Statistical Journal of the IAOS can be read via the printed version and online via the official statistics website: The website offers beyond the online versions of the articles also a discussion platform, news, and interviews.

The latest version of the Statistical Journal of the IAOS (SJIAOS)

December 2022, Volume 38, no. 4.

Theme: IAOS 2022 Young Statisticians Prize winners, and a diversity of manuscripts:

The content of the issue in more detail:

In the editorial, ‘How can Official Statistics find a way out of the fog?’ The editor-in-chief reports on his takeaway from the recent bi-annual Conference of European Statistics Stakeholders (CESS), held in Rome on 20 and 21 October 2022. From presentations and talks during this conference, he has the impression that official statistics due to the recent multiplicity of crises and the turbulence they created are confused about the way forward with their programs and strategies. This way forward is not that obvious anymore and work plan objectives set some years ago seem now to be less easily achievable. This feeling of a loss, being in the fog, seems to generate a widely felt need to more deeply reflect on the future role(s) and work of official statistics. Some initiatives for such a reflection are already on their way, one of them being the recent initiative of the IAOS for establishing the Krakow Working Group (A Fast evolving landscape for Official Statistics: How to respond to the challenges?).

This issue contains 8 sections and covers some 30 manuscripts.

Misha Belkindas invites Javier Caranza to give his view on the developments with official statistics in El Salvador

In the first section, Misha Belkindas invites Javier Caranza to give his view on the developments with official statistics in El Salvador. Following up on the joint statement by ISI/IAOS on El Salvador’s decision to dissolve DIGESTYC. ISI/IAOS expressed its grave concern about the risks involved. These particularly relate to the mission of El Salvador’s official statistics as well as their professional independence, the qualification of staff and the confidentiality of statistical data.[1] Javier Caranza, director of GeoCensos, an NGO that develops, studies, and implements technology trends to support National Statistical Offices, has worked with DIGESTYC, the NSO in El Salvador.

The other themes

The second theme contains three manuscripts on The impact of COVID-19 on Official Statistics. In the third theme, one article discusses data ethics in the frame of the Governance of Official Statistics. The fourth theme with four contributions is the annual presentation of the manuscripts from the Young Statisticians Prize competition (2022). The fifth section on Social Statistics, Population and Housing Census contains five manuscripts, followed by a more specific section with three articles on Measuring Poverty.  The sixth theme on Business Statistics contains two and the final section on Data sources and Methodology with not less than ten rather varied manuscripts closes this issue.

The issue ends with a regular update on the open discussions on the SJIAOS discussion platform

The table of content of the issue (Vol38/4)

1. Interview with Javier Carranza, about the decision to dissolve DIGESTYC El Salvador

2. COVID Impact and Innovation during the COVID-19 Crisis

Alessandra Coli, Angel Panizo Espuelas and Orestes Tsigkas: Economic support to European households in the aftermath of COVID-19. A cross-country comparative analysis based on quarterly sector accounts.

Nureni Olawale Adeboye, Oluwatobi Nurudeen Ogunnusi and Peter Osuolale Popoola: Official statistics: providing data acumen in the advent and continued presence of COVID-19.

Aidan James Condron, Ph.D., Guy McGrath and Jamie Madden: Assessing pandemic era stadium events and infections using mobile phone-based population mobility data: an exploratory study from Ireland, 2021.

3. Governance of Official Statistics

Inbal Marcovitsch and Rancourt: A data ethics framework for responsible responsive organizations in the digital world.

4. Young Statisticians Price winners 2022

Gemma van Halderen:  Guest editorial: The Young Statisticians Prize Competition 2022.

Erin Lundy: Predicting the quality and evaluating the use of administrative data for the 2021 Canadian Census of Population.

Andreea Erciulescu: Statistical data integration models to reconcile health official statistics.

Juan Carlos Galves, Jorge Fernandez Calatrava, and Lasai Taleb: Timeliness reduction on Industrial turnover index based on machine learning algorithms.

Atika Nashirah Hasyyati, Thomas Lumley: Imputation for Sub-Sampling in Indonesian National Socioeconomic Survey.

5. Social Statistics, Population, and housing census

James Chipperfield, Antonella Bernardini, James Brown, Christine Bycroft, Angela Chieppa, Nicoletta Cabella, Gary Dunnet, Michael F. Hawkes, Ahmad Hleibel, Daniel Ward, Eleanor C. Law and Li-Chun Zhang: Evolution of the Person Census and the Estimation of Population Counts in New Zealand, United Kingdom, Italy and Israel.

Vassiliki Benaki-Kyprioti and Apostolos Kasapis: Institutional challenges and prospects regarding the 2021 Population-Housing Census in Greece.

Nelson Ndifwa, Elevatus Mukyanuzi, and Tolo Lamech: Decomposing Rural-Urban Preterm Birth Variations in Tanzania.

Seyifmikael Yilema, Yegnanew Shiferaw and Temesgen T and Essey Muluneh: Improving Survey Based Estimates of Malnutrition using Small Area Estimation.

Antal Ertl: Identifying Outliers in Multivariate Databases with Density-based Methods: a Housing Statistics Case.

6. Measuring Poverty

Shanthi Laldaparsad and Yegnanew A. Shiferaw: A model-based estimation and mapping of school-age children living in poverty in the local areas of South Africa.

Diana Dilshanie Deepawansa, Priyanga Dunusinghe, Parta Lahiri and Ramani Gunatilaka: A new index of Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: A Synthesis Method.

Soumojit Das, Atanushasan Basu, Partha Lahiri and Sherpa Sengupta: Bayesian synthetic prediction of state-level poverty using Indian Household Consumer Expenditure Survey Data.

7. Business Statistics

Ruslan Motoryn, Kataryna Prykhodko, Bogusalw Slusarczyck and Patricia Zeglen: Evaluation of regional features of electronic commerce in Europe.

Daniel Sánchez Serra (France) , Alex Costa, Vittorio Galleto, Jaume Garcia and Josep Louis Raymond: The impact of estimated sub-national purchasing power parity on macroeconomic measures.

8. Data Sources and Methodology

Jacek Bialek: Scanner data processing in a newest version of the Price Indices package.

Isabela Coelho, Marcelo Pitta, Pedro do Nascimento Silva: Combining Quota and Probability Sub-Sampling Within Enumeration Areas to Produce More Reliable Estimates.

Markus Fröhlich: Nowcasting Short-Term Indicators with Machine Learning.

Benjamin K. Mayala, Trinadh Dontamsetti, Tomas D. Fish and Trevor N. Croft: Interpolation of DHS Survey Data at Subnational Administrative Level 2.

Elena Catanese, Monica Scannapieco, Mauro Bruno, and Luca Valentino: Natural Language Processing in Official Statistics: The Social Mood on Economy Index experience.

Hovhannes Asatryan, Vardan Aleksanyan, Meri Manucharyan and Liana Azatyan: Dynamics of the development of viticulture in RA: the econometric case study.

Jitendra Sinha: Consumer Expenditure Structure in Rural Bihar: Analysis based on Extended Linear Expenditure System.

Wiwin Sri Mulyani, Usman Bustaman, and Setia Pramana Jitendra Sinha: Developing Online Shops Sampling Frame from a Marketplace.

Tulin Otbiçer Acar: Reflections of the Relationship between Education Indicators and Economic, Law and Human Development Indicators.

Andrzej Mlodak, Michal Pietrzak and Tomasz Jozefowski: The trade-off between the risk of disclosure and data utility in SDC – a case of data from a survey of accidents at work.

SJIAOS Discussions

Launch of the 14th discussion: How can Official Statistics find a way out of the fog?

With the release of this issue of the Journal (December 2022), also the 14th discussion will be opened. This discussion ‘How can Official Statistics find a way out of the fog? , builds on the Editorial in this December issue, inviting readers to react to the statement that the official statistics are currently confused, at a loss, regarding the strategies and direction. Readers are invited to either react with supporting or disagreeing arguments to this statement or to contribute with suggestions on how to solve this situation.

The discussion will be opened around mid-December on the SJIAOS discussion platform (

For more information about the statements and how to react see the introduction to the SJIAOS Discussion Platform at the end of this issue. Several other discussions are also still online on the SJIAOS Discussion Platform (

Several other discussions are still also online on the SJIAOS Discussion Platform  ( You are specifically invited to also look at the 13th discussion and the Extra discussion.

A special discussion on the challenges of datafiedsocieties.

In parallel to the 13th discussion, a special discussion was launched on the challenges that our “datafied” societies pose to Official Statistics. This discussion follows the establishment in April 2022, during the IAOS bi-annual Conference, of the “Krakow Working Group”.  The main points arising from this discussion will constitute useful inputs to the deliberations of the Group. The Krakow Working Group will report on the advancement of its work at the IAOS Conference in Zambia in April 2023 and the ISI Congress in Ottawa in July 2023.   

The statements for this discussion have come online on the SJIAOS Discussion Platform ( around mid-September 2022.

The 13th discussion: The roles and positions of International Statistical Organizations.

The discussion statements can be found at:

With the release of the September 2022 issue of the Journal, the 13th discussion was opened online mid-November 2022.

This discussion ‘The roles and position of International Statistical Organizations’ builds on the manuscripts in the September special issue with contributions from International Statistical Organizations.

The discussion focuses on the global governance of official statistics and the role and position of International Statistical Organisations. The statements invite the readers to reflect on the role and value of (statistical) data, their role as a public good and the role of the UN  member states, the International Statistical Organizations and the UN Statistical Commission in the development and management of official statistics.

The 12th discussion: The positive and negative aspects of ‘standardization’ in official statistics.

With the release of the June 2022 issue of the Journal (Vol 38, (2022), Nr 2), the 12th discussion was opened. This discussion is triggered by the section on ‘Standards, guidelines and recommendations’  in this specific issue.

The statements in the discussion to be commented on, question if the frequent use of cross-national comparisons dismisses the cultural specificities of a country or region. It is also relevant to ask if the standards that are used to produce the indicators for cross-national comparisons are sufficiently implemented to allow for valid comparisons. And in general, one might question if there is a misfit between the emphasis on and practice of cross-national comparisons by international organizations and the attention to the level and awareness of the implementation of the standards used to produce the indicators on the country level.

The 11th discussion: Large international projects on the development of official statistics, the 50x2030 Initiative as an example.

With the release of the March 2022 issue of the Journal, the 11th discussion was opened. This discussion is triggered by the special section concerning the 50x2030 Initiative, as presented in this issue (Vol 38, (2022) Nr 1) via seven manuscripts and a guest editorial.

The 50x2030 Initiative to close the agricultural data gap is a multi-partner program that addresses current shortcomings in the quality and availability of agricultural data by transforming country data systems in 50 countries in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America by 2030. The initiative is also one of the largest international projects on the development of statistics ever with planned costs of 500 million US dollars.

In the discussion, via a set of thought-provoking statements, the ambitions, structure, and content of the 50x2030 initiative will be proposed for reflection, as well as the role, structure, and governance aspects of such large international projects.

The 10th discussion: ‘Statistics on difficult to measure population groups: challenges to leave no-one not included is triggered by the manuscript ‘Improving official statistics on stateless people: challenges, solutions, and the road ahead, by Mary Strode (and Melanie Khanna in Volume 37 (2021)  Nr 4).

The discussion statements will concentrate on the need for such statistical information, the challenges in collecting them as well as aspects of confidentiality and protection in data sharing and it will stress the importance of data being comparable over contexts and time and using the same definitions, concepts, questions, and methodologies. The discussion will also invite comments on the experiences gained and result achieved in developing guidelines for measuring and developing statistics for difficult-to-measure groups.

The ninth discussion on the SJIAOS discussion platform is based on seven statements on ‘New Developments in Training in Official Statistics'.

In the Statistical Journal of the IAOS, Volume 37 (2021) Nr. 3, on ‘New Developments in Training in Official Statistics’  the recent trends in training in official statistics are discussed in 22 manuscripts. The need and rationale for training in official statistics and the necessity to anticipate recent developments, the requirements needed for training in Data Science,  a method for assessing the type and content of this demand for training, an overview of existing training in official statistics initiatives,  general trends in learning and training, and a selection of examples of training in domains of official statistics or regions.

The eighth discussion on the SJIAOS discussion platform focuses on the UN Fundamental Principles for Official Statistics.

This discussion builds on one hand on the manuscript 'Assessing compliance with the United Nations Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics: A Maturity Model for Continuous Improvement’ complementing the Fundamental Principles with the assessment of their compliance by countries and regions based on a Maturity Model for Continuous Improvement[2], illustrating the acceptance of this main framework for high-quality statistics as a still suitable instrument. On the other hand, during the last decennium, there were many events, where the principles were consciously or unconsciously ignored.

The objective of the discussion is twofold: first to generate knowledge and experience with the implementation, application, and effectiveness of the Fundamental Principles, and second to inquire especially about major improvements, both to the Fundamental Principles themselves as well as to the compliance and the enforcement of compliance.

[1] ISI IAOS Joint statement by ISI and IAOS on El Salvador’s decision to dissolve DIGESTYC. !9 August 2022. See:

[2] Milicich, R., T. Dickinson, G. Van Halderen, T.Labor, H. Neven: Assessing compliance with the United Nations Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics: A Maturity Model for Continuous Improvement. In SJIAOS Vol 37 (2021) Nr /2.

The Statistical Journal of the IAOS

The flagship of the IAOS is the ‘Statistical Journal of the IAOS’. The Journal is expected to be widely circulated and subscribed to by individuals and institutions in all parts of the world. The journal has four regular issues per year, each within average around 25 articles focusing on current and emerging issues and challenges related to the management, production and use of official statistics and related public policy matters. The ‘Journal’  is available on-line and via a printed publication and is supported by a website

Beyond the link to the on-line version of the Journal the website provides a permanent platform for news, information on events. A main feature of the website is the discussion platform. This discussion platform facilitates in parallel to and based on articles in the Journal discussions on important topics for official statistics.

Submit a Paper

The success of the Statistical Journal of the IAOS depends upon the contributions of IAOS members and authors. All papers are subject to anonymous review. For a full description of the publication’s editorial aims and scope, and how to submit manuscripts, go to or to IOSPress. For more information on the journal in general, submission, review and revision procedures or specific manuscripts, do not hesitate to contact the Editor in Chief, Pieter Everaers at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Papers are expected to be of wide interest to readers. Such papers may or may not contain strictly original material. All papers are refereed. The journal has an Editor-in-Chief who is responsible for ensuring its content and quality.  For the review process he is supported by an editorial board of circa 30 eminent official statisticians and for the strategy of the Journal by a small Advisory Board The journal should publish papers of wide interest to both users and producers of official statistics. The journal should encourage papers with a focus on the basic principles for official statistics covering areas such as the importance of applying the best scientific methods, the need for statistical independence, balancing the needs of users with the burden on respondents, the continuing challenges around confidentiality, and the growing need for consistency and coherence across statistical domains and over time and for international comparability

SJIAOS Access for IAOS Members

IAOS members have unlimited online access to all the articles in the SJIAOS, including previous issues. Staff from International Organizations that are institutional members of the ISI/IAOS can be a member of IAOS and have free access to the Journal for an annual fee of 10 euros.

Members are asked to register themselves at IOS Press (go to the register tab) and once done, to send an email to Ms. Kim Willems (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.). She will activate your complimentary access upon receiving your email.

For more information contact Margaret de Ruiter-Molloy at the ISI membership office at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Latest issues

Links to the earlier issue and still open discussions:

December Issue 2022

September Issue 2022

June Issue 2022

March Issue 2022 

December Issue 2021